COVID-19: What You Need to Know
Physicians at The MetroHealth System are urging the public to use a mix of vigilance and common sense when it comes to combating COVID-19, also known as the new coronavirus.
MetroHealth physicians Amy Ray, MD, MPH, medical director of infection prevention, and Brook Watts, MD, vice president and chief quality care officer – briefed Cuyahoga County Council on March 3. Dr. Ray explained that the virus is spread primarily through droplets in coughs and sneezes or through extended contact with someone who is contagious.
Dr. Ray urged people to cover their cough with their sleeve, refrain from touching their face and remain at home if they are ill. Hands are involved in almost everything people do, from preparing food to caring for children to treating a patient.
“The greatest risk reduction is to clean your hands,” Dr. Ray said.
Public health officials have said singing “Happy Birthday to You” twice while washing your hands is a good guide for how long to wash.
“Yes, you need to wash your hands,” Dr. Watts said. “No, you do not need a mask for routine activities in the community. It does not keep the bugs out.”
Dr. Watts stressed that in the age of social media, there is a great deal of misinformation about COVID-19 online. She stressed political, health care and civic leaders need to keep directing people to credible, reliable information, such as that put out by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Additional statistics about the outbreak can be found here.
Dr. Watts reminded the audience that as of early March, influenza was still the greatest threat in Northeast Ohio, with hundreds of people are hospitalized and two children in the area have died from it. Those who have not gotten a flu shot can still do so. Click here for information about receiving a flu shot from a MetroHealth provider.
Dr. Ray noted that the symptoms of COVID-19 – fever, cough, shortness of breath – are common in a multitude of illnesses. With no known cure or vaccine at present, the course of treatment would be similar to the way colds and flu symptoms are treated.
MetroHealth has protocols and plans in place if needed. People showing up at MetroHealth with COVID-19 symptoms would be given a mask and put into rooms with special duct systems that filter air to prevent the spread of the disease, she said.
“At MetroHealth, we remain true to the mission, which is to take care of infected patients,” Dr. Ray said. “We plan to continue to do that, in a safe way, for our patients, their families, the community and our health care workers.”
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
What is the novel coronavirus?
This novel coronavirus is a new virus that is from the coronavirus family and there are seven different viruses in this family, four of which are mild cold-like viruses. This specific novel coronavirus was first identified in Wuhan city, Hubei Province, China and has been officially named ‘SARS-CoV2”. When someone is infected with this virus they are said to have “COVID-19” or coronavirus disease 2019.
What are the symptoms?
This virus causes fever, cough and shortness of breath. The incubation period is officially two to 14 days after exposure. The infection can be very mild to full blown pneumonia, but it appears that 80% of cases are along the mild spectrum.
What is MetroHealth doing?
We have implemented travel screening in situations where a patient is presenting with an acute illness. We are maximizing and conserving supplies in case of an outbreak.
Are MetroHealth's facilities up to date for this?
Our facilities department has inspected our systems and our air handlers and negative pressure rooms are working as designed.
The MetroHealth System, Cuyahoga County’s public health system, is honoring its commitment to create a healthier community by building a new hospital on its main campus in Cleveland. The building and the 25 acres of green space around it are catalyzing the revitalization of MetroHealth’s West Side neighborhood.
MetroHealth broke ground on its new hospital in 2019. The project is being financed with nearly $1 billion the system borrowed on its own credit after dramatically improving its finances. In the past five years, MetroHealth’s operating revenue has increased by 40% and its number of employees by 21%. Today, its staff of 8,000 provides care at MetroHealth’s four hospitals, four emergency departments and more than 20 health centers and 40 additional sites throughout Cuyahoga County. In the past year, MetroHealth has served 300,000 patients at more than 1.4 million visits in its hospitals and health centers, 75% of whom are uninsured or covered by Medicare or Medicaid.
The health system is home to Cuyahoga County’s most experienced Level I Adult Trauma Center, verified since 1992, and Ohio’s only adult and pediatric trauma and burn center.
As an academic medical center, MetroHealth is committed to teaching and research. Each active staff physician holds a faculty appointment at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine. Its main campus hospital houses a Cleveland Metropolitan School District high school of science and health.
For more information, visit metrohealth.org.