COVID-19: What You Need to Know
Physicians at The MetroHealth System are urging the public to use a mix of vigilance and common sense when it comes to combating COVID-19, also known as the new coronavirus.
MetroHealth physicians Amy Ray, MD, MPH, medical director of infection prevention, and Brook Watts, MD, vice president and chief quality care officer – briefed Cuyahoga County Council on March 3. Dr. Ray explained that the virus is spread primarily through droplets in coughs and sneezes or through extended contact with someone who is contagious.
Dr. Ray urged people to cover their cough with their sleeve, refrain from touching their face and remain at home if they are ill. Hands are involved in almost everything people do, from preparing food to caring for children to treating a patient.
“The greatest risk reduction is to clean your hands,” Dr. Ray said.
Public health officials have said singing “Happy Birthday to You” twice while washing your hands is a good guide for how long to wash.
“Yes, you need to wash your hands,” Dr. Watts said. “No, you do not need a mask for routine activities in the community. It does not keep the bugs out.”
Dr. Watts stressed that in the age of social media, there is a great deal of misinformation about COVID-19 online. She stressed political, health care and civic leaders need to keep directing people to credible, reliable information, such as that put out by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Additional statistics about the outbreak can be found here.
Dr. Watts reminded the audience that as of early March, influenza was still the greatest threat in Northeast Ohio, with hundreds of people are hospitalized and two children in the area have died from it. Those who have not gotten a flu shot can still do so. Click here for information about receiving a flu shot from a MetroHealth provider.
Dr. Ray noted that the symptoms of COVID-19 – fever, cough, shortness of breath – are common in a multitude of illnesses. With no known cure or vaccine at present, the course of treatment would be similar to the way colds and flu symptoms are treated.
MetroHealth has protocols and plans in place if needed. People showing up at MetroHealth with COVID-19 symptoms would be given a mask and put into rooms with special duct systems that filter air to prevent the spread of the disease, she said.
“At MetroHealth, we remain true to the mission, which is to take care of infected patients,” Dr. Ray said. “We plan to continue to do that, in a safe way, for our patients, their families, the community and our health care workers.”
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
What is the novel coronavirus?
This novel coronavirus is a new virus that is from the coronavirus family and there are seven different viruses in this family, four of which are mild cold-like viruses. This specific novel coronavirus was first identified in Wuhan city, Hubei Province, China and has been officially named ‘SARS-CoV2”. When someone is infected with this virus they are said to have “COVID-19” or coronavirus disease 2019.
What are the symptoms?
This virus causes fever, cough and shortness of breath. The incubation period is officially two to 14 days after exposure. The infection can be very mild to full blown pneumonia, but it appears that 80% of cases are along the mild spectrum.
What is MetroHealth doing?
We have implemented travel screening in situations where a patient is presenting with an acute illness. We are maximizing and conserving supplies in case of an outbreak.
Are MetroHealth's facilities up to date for this?
Our facilities department has inspected our systems and our air handlers and negative pressure rooms are working as designed.
The MetroHealth System is redefining health care by going beyond medical treatment to improve the foundations of community health and well-being: affordable housing, a cleaner environment, economic opportunity and access to fresh food, convenient transportation, legal help and other services. The system strives to become as good at preventing disease as it is at treating it.
The system’s more than 600 doctors, 1,700 nurses and 7,800 employees go to work each day with a mission of service, to their patients and to the community. As Cuyahoga County’s safety-net health system, MetroHealth plays an essential role in the region, caring for anyone and everyone, regardless of an ability to pay.
Founded in 1837, MetroHealth operates four hospitals, four emergency departments and more than 20 health centers and 40 additional sites throughout Cuyahoga County. The system serves more than 300,000 patients, two-thirds of whom are uninsured or covered by Medicare or Medicaid.
MetroHealth is home to Cuyahoga County’s most experienced Level I Adult Trauma Center, verified since 1992, and Ohio’s only adult and pediatric trauma and burn center.
As an academic medical center, MetroHealth is committed to research and to teaching and training tomorrow’s caregivers. Each active staff physician holds a faculty appointment at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine. Its main campus hospital houses the Cleveland Metropolitan School District’s Lincoln-West School of Science & Health, the only high school in America located inside a hospital.
Knowing that good health is about much more than good medical care, MetroHealth has launched the Institute for H.O.P.E.™ (Health, Opportunity, Partnership, Empowerment), which uses a coordinated, collaborative and strategic approach to help patients with non-medical needs such as healthy food, stable housing and job training.
The MetroHealth Glick Center, a new 11-floor hospital, is under construction on the system’s main campus in Cleveland and is scheduled to welcome its first patients in October 2022. The billion-dollar project is the cornerstone of a wider neighborhood revitalization effort led by the system and its partners in the community.
For more information, visit metrohealth.org.