MetroHealth Researchers Explore Alternatives to Opioids Following Thyroid, Parathyroid Surgeries
CLEVELAND – In most cases, pain resulting from thyroid and parathyroid surgery can be treated without opioid medication, lessening the risk of overdose or other misuse of the powerful narcotics, according to a new study from MetroHealth researchers.
Dr. Christopher McHenry and his research team set out to determine whether patients undergoing thyroidectomies and parathyroidectomies have similar pain levels following surgery if managed with opioids versus a regimen that didn’t include opioids.
“With all of the problems related to the opioid epidemic – addiction and overdose, and opioids being used by people other than the patient – we asked whether narcotics are really necessary for our patients,” said Dr. McHenry, vice chairman of MetroHealth’s Department of Surgery, director of the Division of General Surgery and professor of surgery at Case Western Reserve University.
Their findings were recently published online in Surgery, the journal of the Society of University Surgeons, Central Surgical Association, and the American Association of Endocrine Surgeons. Dr. McHenry’s research group included Justin T. Brady, MD; Angelina Dreimiller, PA-C; Suzanne Miller-Spalding, RN, MSN; Tiffany Gesang, MD; and Ashwini R. Sehgal, MD.
Dr. McHenry and his team compared pain scores for two groups of patients following thyroidectomy and parathyroidectomy procedures – one whose pain management regimen included opioids and another that didn’t. Researchers found no difference in median pain scores.
The non-narcotic pain management group received acetaminophen, ibuprofen, ice packs and throat lozenges while the narcotic group received the same medications plus 10 oxycodone pills.
The study’s findings have changed MetroHealth’s pain management protocol following thyroidectomy and parathyroidectomy procedures. Since November, MetroHealth has sent patients home with acetaminophen, ibuprofen and throat lozenges. If pain isn’t controlled with the non-narcotic regimen, they are prescribed three narcotic tablets. Prior to the research, they would have been prescribed about 10 tablets.
Over the last few years, MetroHealth has been committed to providing its patients with effective alternatives to addictive opioid medication. Over the last 20 months, for example, MetroHealth prescribed almost 4 million fewer opioid pills.
“This study adds to the growing body of research showing that post- operative pain can be successfully treated without exposing patients to the significant risks of sedation, overdose and addiction caused by opioid analgesics,” said Joan Papp, MD, medical director of MetroHealth’s Office of Opioid Safety.
The MetroHealth System, Cuyahoga County’s public health system, is honoring its commitment to create a healthier community by building a new hospital on its main campus in Cleveland. The building and the 25 acres of green space around it are catalyzing the revitalization of MetroHealth’s West Side neighborhood.
MetroHealth broke ground on its new hospital in 2019. The project is being financed with nearly $1 billion the system borrowed on its own credit after dramatically improving its finances. In the past five years, MetroHealth’s operating revenue has increased by 40% and its number of employees by 21%. Today, its staff of 8,000 provides care at MetroHealth’s four hospitals, four emergency departments and more than 20 health centers and 40 additional sites throughout Cuyahoga County. In the past year, MetroHealth has served 300,000 patients at more than 1.4 million visits in its hospitals and health centers, 75% of whom are uninsured or covered by Medicare or Medicaid.
The health system is home to Cuyahoga County’s most experienced Level I Adult Trauma Center, verified since 1992, and Ohio’s only adult and pediatric trauma and burn center.
As an academic medical center, MetroHealth is committed to teaching and research. Each active staff physician holds a faculty appointment at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine. Its main campus hospital houses a Cleveland Metropolitan School District high school of science and health.
For more information, visit metrohealth.org.